Glossary

Introduction

In the last decade, the Open Science movement has introduced and modified many research practices. The breadth of these initiatives can be overwhelming, and digestible introductions to these topics are valuable (e.g. Crüwell et al. 2019; Kathawalla, Silverstein, & Syed, 2020). Creating a shared understanding of the purposes of these initiatives facilitates discussions of the strengths and weaknesses of each practice, ultimately helping us work towards a research utopia (Nosek & Bar-Anan, 2012).

Accompanying this cultural shift towards increased transparency and rigour has been a wealth of terminology within the zeitgeist of research practice and culture. For those unfamiliar, the new nomenclature can be a barrier to follow and join the discussions; for those familiar, potentially vague or competing definitions can cause confusion and misunderstandings. For example, even the “classic” 2015 paper “Estimating the reproducibility of psychological science” (Open Science Collaboration, 2015) can be argued to assess the replicability of research findings.

In order to reduce barriers to entry and understanding, we present a Glossary of terms relating to open scholarship. We aim that the glossary will help clarify terminologies, including where terms are used differently/interchangeably or where terms are less known in some fields or among students. We also hope that this glossary will be a welcome resource for those new to these concepts, and that it helps grow their confidence in navigating discussions of open scholarship. We also hope that this glossary aids in mentoring and teaching, and allows newcomers and experts to communicate efficiently.

If you use this glossary in any form, please cite the associated paper: Parsons, S., Azevedo, F., Elsherif, M. M., Guay, S., Shahim, O. N., Govaart, G. H., … & Aczel, B. (2022). A Community-Sourced Glossary of Open Scholarship Terms. Nature human behaviour, 6(3), 312-318. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-021-01269-4

👀 [The Open Access link to the copy-edited version at the publisher’s website, and here’s the postprint which is the same as the published version.] ⬅️

The list of terms we have drafted and reviewed can be found on the left if you are viewing this page on a computer screen or bigger, otherwise they can be found at the bottom of the page. If you hover a word, you will be able to read the full description of the term. To know more about a term, including references, simply click on it and it will bring you to the term page.

Project Status


We successfully arrived at the end of Phase 1 🎉. This means we managed to go from an ambitious idea to a full blown crowd-sourced project in which more than 110 collaborators defined via consensus after much discussion and reviewed upwards of 250 Open Scholarship terms. We published our manuscript at Nature Human Behavior, where all contributors are co-authors. 🥳

Phase 2


🚨 Phase 2 of the FORRT glossary project is now open ! 🚨


Following the success of Phase 1, we invite you to help us continue to improve this resource. We are interested in a wide range of contributions to improve existing definitions, extend the scope of the terms, as well as translating terms to improve accessibility. We have opened four live working documents (see the landing page for instructions and links to working documents). Please read the instructions for contributors. We have prepared these to help guide constructive feedback and facilitate a smooth editorial process.

We aim to regularly implement suggested changes and improvements. If you believe an existing definition is incorrect please contact the project leads, we aim to correct any mistakes as quickly as possible. We see the glossary as a potential starting point for other projects and resources the community feels may be needed. Please contact us if you have suggestions for publications or have ideas for related projects that could use or adapt the glossary.

To receive updates please join FORRT’s Slack channel. You can also contact FORRT, and project leads Sam Parsons and Flávio Azevedo. For information on Phase 1 of FORRT’s Glossary Project, see below.

Glossary Versioning

We plan to continuously improve, extend, and update our items with community involvement. Versioning will allow the study of the evolution of the terminology. The version-controlled source code of the official releases of the complete Glossary is archived on FORRT’s GitHub, OSF, and Zenodo. The present glossary is the Beta 0.1 version and can be accessed from within FORRT website (as will its updates) below:

  1. Current Version: FORRT’s Glossary | Phase 1 | Beta version 0.1

Phase 1


Expand to learn more about details of the Phase 1