Bottom-up approach (to Open Scholarship)

Definition: Within academic culture, an approach focusing on the intrinsic interest of academics to improve the quality of research and research culture, for instance by making it supportive, collaborative, creative and inclusive. Usually indicates leadership from early-career researchers acting as the changemakers driving shifts and change in scientific methodology through enthusiasm and innovation, compared to a “top-down” approach initiated by more senior researchers “Bottom-up approaches take into account the specific local circumstances of the case itself, often using empirical data, lived experience, personal accounts, and circumstances as the starting point for developing policy solutions.”

Related terms: <a href='/glossary/early-career-researchers-ecrs/'>Early Career Researchers (ECRs)</a>, Grassroot initiatives

References: Button et al. (2016), Button et al. (2020), Hart and Silka (2020), Meslin (2010), Moran et al. (2020), &

Drafted and Reviewed by: Catherine Laverty, Helena Hartmann, Michele C. Lim, Adam Parker, Charlotte R. Pennington, Birgit Schmidt, Marta Topor, FlĂĄvio Azevedo

Note that we are currently working on an automated mechanism to link references cited above with their full-length version that can be found at with all references used so far.