Definition: Critiquing After the Results are Known (CARKing) refers to presenting a criticism of a design as one that you would have made in advance of the results being known. It usually forms a reaction or criticism to unwelcome or unfavourable results, results whether the critic is conscious of this fact or not.

Related terms: HARKing, Preregistration, Registered Report

References: Bardsley (2018), & Nosek and Lakens (2014)

Drafted and Reviewed by: Mahmoud Elsherif, Ali H. Al-Hoorie, Ashley Blake, Adrien Fillon, Charlotte R. Pennington

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