DOI (digital object identifier)

Definition: Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) are alpha-numeric strings that can be assigned to any entity, including: publications (including preprints), materials, datasets, and feature films - the use of DOIs is not restricted to just scholarly or academic material. DOIs “provides a system for persistent and actionable identification and interoperable exchange of managed information on digital networks.” ( There are many different DOI registration agencies that operate DOIs, but the two that researchers would most likely encounter are Crossref and Datacite.

Related terms: arXiv and BibTex, Crossref, Datacite, ISBN, ISO, ORCID, Permalink

References: Bilder (2013), Morgan (1998), &

Drafted and Reviewed by: Tina Lonsdorf, Ashley Blake, Helena Hartmann, Sam Parsons, Charlotte R. Pennington, Flávio Azevedo

Note that we are currently working on an automated mechanism to link references cited above with their full-length version that can be found at with all references used so far.