Definition: A software package for tracking changes in a local set of files (local version control), initially developed by Linus Torvalds. In general, it is used by programmers to track and develop computer source code within a set directory, folder or a file system. Git can access remote repository hosting services (e.g. GitHub) for remote version control that enables collaborative software development by uploading contributions from a local system. This process found its way into the scientific process to enable open data, open code and reproducible analyses.

Related terms: GitHub, <a href='/glossary/repository/'>Repository</a>, <a href='/glossary/version-control/'>Version control</a>

References: Kalliamvakov et al. (2014), Scopatz and Huff (2015), Vuorre and Curley (2018), &

Drafted and Reviewed by: Emma Norris, Adrien Fillon, Bettina M.J. Kern, Dominik Kiersz, Robert M. Ross

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