Definition: The idea that pre-existing opinions about the quality of research can depend on the ideological views of the author(s). One of the many biases in the peer review process, it expects that favourable opinions towards the research would be more likely if friends, collaborators, or scientists agree with an editor or reviewer’s political viewpoints (Tvina et al. 2019). This could potentially lead to a variety of conflicts of interest that undermine diverse perspectives, for example: speeding or delaying peer-review, or influencing the chances of an individual being invited to present their research, thus promoting their work.
Ad hominem bias,
Reference: Tvina et al. (2019)
Drafted and Reviewed by: Mahmoud Elsherif, Elizabeth Collins, Flávio Azevedo, Madeleine Ingham, Sam Parsons, Graham Reid
Note that we are currently working on an automated mechanism to link references cited above with their full-length version that can be found at https://forrt.org/glossary/references with all references used so far.