Matthew effect (in science)
Definition: Named for the ‘rich get richer; poor get poorer’ paraphrase of the Gospel of Matthew. Eminent scientists and early-career researchers with a prestigious fellowship are disproportionately attributed greater levels of credit and funding for their contributions to science while relatively unknown or early-career researchers without a prestigious fellowship tend to get disproportionately little credit for comparable contributions. The impact is a substantial cumulative advantage that results from modest initial comparative advantages (and vice versa).
Matthew effect in education,
Stigler’s law of eponymy
References: Bol et al. (2018), Bornmann et al. (2019), & Merton (1968)
Drafted and Reviewed by: Tamara Kalandadze, Bradley Baker, Tsvetomira Dumbalska, Mahmoud Elsherif, Matt Jaquiery, Charlotte R. Pennington
Note that we are currently working on an automated mechanism to link references cited above with their full-length version that can be found at https://forrt.org/glossary/references with all references used so far.