Definition: Exploiting techniques that may artificially increase the likelihood of obtaining a statistically significant result by meeting the standard statistical significance criterion (typically α = .05). For example, performing multiple analyses and reporting only those at p < .05, selectively removing data until p < .05, selecting variables for use in analyses based on whether those parameters are statistically significant.

Related terms: <a href='/glossary/analytic-flexibility/'>Analytic flexibility</a>, Fishing, <a href='/glossary/garden-of-forking-paths/'>Garden of forking paths</a>, <a href='/glossary/harking/'>HARKing</a>, Questionable Research Practices or Questionable Reporting Practices (QRPs), Selective reporting

References: Hardwicke et al. (2014), & Neuroskeptic (2012)

Drafted and Reviewed by: Mahmoud Elsherif, Tamara Kalandadze, William Ngiam, Sam Parsons, Martin Vasilev

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