Predatory Publishing

Definition: Predatory (sometimes “vanity”) publishing describes a range of business practices in which publishers seek to profit, primarily by collecting article processing charges (APCs), from publishing scientific works without necessarily providing legitimate quality checks (e.g., peer review) or editorial services. In its most extreme form, predatory publishers will publish any work, so long as charges are paid. Other less extreme strategies, such as sending out high numbers of unsolicited requests for editing or publishing in fee-driven special issues, have also been accused as predatory (Crosetto, 2021).

Related terms: Article Processing Charge (APC), Gaming (the system)

References: Crosetto (2021), & Xia et al. (2015)

Drafted and Reviewed by: Nick Ballou, Olmo van den Akker, Helena Hartmann, Aleksandra Lazić, Graham Reid, Flávio Azevedo

Note that we are currently working on an automated mechanism to link references cited above with their full-length version that can be found at with all references used so far.