Definition: R is a free, open-source programming language and software environment that can be used to conduct statistical analyses and plot data. R was created by Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman at the University of Auckland. R enables authors to share reproducible analysis scripts, which increases the transparency of a study. Often, R is used in conjunction with an integrated development environment (IDE) which simplifies working with the language, for example RStudio or Visual Studio Code, or Tinn-R .

Related terms: Open-source, Statistical analysis

References: https://www.r-project.org/, & R Core Team (2020)

Drafted and Reviewed by: Lisa Spitzer, Bradley Baker, Alexander Hart, Joanne McCuaig, Andrew J. Stewart

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