Definition: An umbrella term, used differently across fields, covering concepts of: direct and conceptual replication, computational reproducibility/replicability, generalizability analysis and robustness analyses. Some of the definitions used previously include: a different team arriving at the same results using the original author’s artifacts (Barba 2018); a study arriving at the same conclusion after collecting new data (Claerbout and Karrenbach, 1992); as well as studies for which any outcome would be considered diagnostic evidence about a claim from prior research (Nosek & Errington, 2020).

Related terms: <a href='/glossary/conceptual-replication/'>Conceptual replication</a>, <a href='/glossary/direct-replication/'>Direct Replication</a>, <a href='/glossary/generalizability/'>Generalizability</a>, <a href='/glossary/reproducibility/'>Reproducibility</a>, <a href='/glossary/reliability/'>Reliability</a>, <a href='/glossary/robustness-analyses/'>Robustness (analyses)</a>

References: Barba (2018), CrĂŒwell et al. (2019), King (1996), National Academies of Sciences et al. (2011), & Nosek and Errington (2020)

Drafted and Reviewed by: Mahmoud Elsherif, Jamie P. Cockcroft, Adrien Fillon, Gilad Feldman, Annalise A. LaPlume, Tina B. Lonsdorf, Sam Parsons, Eike Mark Rinke, Tobias Wingen

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