Definition: An online archive for the storage of digital objects including research outputs, manuscripts, analysis code and/or data. Examples include preprint servers such as bioRxiv, MetaArXiv, PsyArXiv, institutional research repositories, as well as data repositories that collect and store datasets including, PsychData, and code repositories such as Github, or more general repositories for all kinds of research data, such as the Open Science Framework (OSF). Digital objects stored in repositories are typically described through metadata which enables discovery across different storage locations.

Related terms: Data sharing, Github, Metadata, Open Access, Open data, Open Material, Open Science Framework, Open Source, Preprint


Drafted and Reviewed by: Tina Lonsdorf, Gilad Feldman, Connor Keating, Mariella Paul, Charlotte R. Pennington, Flávio Azevedo

Note that we are currently working on an automated mechanism to link references cited above with their full-length version that can be found at with all references used so far.