Reproducibility crisis (aka Replicability or replication crisis)

Definition: The finding, and related shift in academic culture and thinking, that a large proportion of scientific studies published across disciplines do not replicate (e.g. Open Science Collaboration, 2015). This is considered to be due to a lack of quality and integrity of research and publication practices, such as publication bias, QRPs and a lack of transparency, leading to an inflated rate of false positive results. Others have described this process as a ‘Credibility revolution’ towards improving these practices.

Related terms: Credibility crisis, Publication bias (File Drawer Problem), Questionable Research Practices or Questionable Reporting Practices (QRPs), <a href='/glossary/replicability/'>Replicability</a>, <a href='/glossary/reproducibility/'>Reproducibility</a>

References: Fanelli (2018), & Open Science Collaboration (2015)

Drafted and Reviewed by: Mahmoud Elsherif, Helena Hartmann, Annalise A. LaPlume, Mariella Paul, Sonia Rishi, Lisa Spitzer

Note that we are currently working on an automated mechanism to link references cited above with their full-length version that can be found at with all references used so far.