Reproducibility crisis (aka Replicability or replication crisis)

Definition: The finding, and related shift in academic culture and thinking, that a large proportion of scientific studies published across disciplines do not replicate (e.g. Open Science Collaboration, 2015). This is considered to be due to a lack of quality and integrity of research and publication practices, such as publication bias, QRPs and a lack of transparency, leading to an inflated rate of false positive results. Others have described this process as a ‘Credibility revolution’ towards improving these practices.

Related terms: Credibility crisis, Publication bias (File Drawer Problem), Questionable Research Practices or Questionable Reporting Practices (QRPs), Replicability, Reproducibility

References: Fanelli (2018), & Open Science Collaboration (2015)

Drafted and Reviewed by: Mahmoud Elsherif, Helena Hartmann, Annalise A. LaPlume, Mariella Paul, Sonia Rishi, Lisa Spitzer

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